This massacre is not related to the agrarian struggle per se. It was an outcome of the struggle for hegemony over sand quarry in the Ganges and Sone riverbeds. In this incident the struggle for supremacy between two contenders for sand quarry?both from the same upper backward caste and supporters of political party currently ruling in Bihar?led to the killing of 11 labourers.
This massacre has a special significance to the agrarian movement going on in Bihar. Though not directly linked with the Naxalite movement, this massacre opened up once again the struggle between the forwards and the backwards. Its echo could be heard in the Mianpur massacre. Akhilesh Singh, the prime accused in this massacre, was an MLA in the Bihar Legislative Assembly.
For details on political leaders with criminal background, see ‘Legitimising Gun Culture in Bihar’, The Hindu, 23 June 2000, p. 9.
The Afsar massacre was a revenge killing by the backward castes, who were victims of Rajebigha massacre. Twelve Bhumihars were killed in Afsar village of Kashichak block of Nawada district. The victims were not involved in the Rajebigha massacre, but were relatives of the perpetrators of the Rajebigha massacre. This also brought lo fore the political conflict that has been going on in Bihar between the ruling Rashtriya Janala Dal and its main rival, the Samata Party.
This was the first massacre committed by the Ranvir Sena in Aurangabad district. Until then, the presence of the Ranvir Sena in Aurangabad was considered to be nominal in comparison with its presence in other central Bihar districts. For details, see Louis 2000b.
This was the second massacre in Bhojpur district by the Ranvir Sena in two years. The sena originated in Bhqjpur district but in course of time spread to other districts too. After the Dumariyan massacre, the struggle between the Ranvir Sena and the CPI(ML) Liberation became sharper. See Times of India, 11 September 2001.